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Free Content Vitamin A status of patients presenting with pulmonary tuberculosis and asymptomatic HIV-infected individuals, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania

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Serum vitamin A was determined in a cross-sectional study of 100 HIV-positive and -negative tuberculosis patients and 144 blood donors. Tuberculosis patients were seen again after 2 months of treatment. Mean vitamin A was lowest among tuberculosis patients co-infected with HIV, and was lower among HIV-positive than -negative donors. Mean vitamin A rose significantly at 2 months in HIV-negative patients, and not in -positive patients. HIV infection was the strongest predictor of low vitamin A. Vitamin A deficiency is common in tuberculosis and HIV infection, particularly in those patients who are dually infected, and nutritional supplementation may be beneficial.
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Keywords: HIV infection; blood donors; pulmonary tuberculosis; vitamin A

Document Type: Short Communication

Affiliations: 1: Muhimbili University College of Health Sciences, Dar es Salaam, United Republic of Tanzania 2: Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, USA

Publication date: 01 August 2003

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  • The International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease publishes articles on all aspects of lung health, including public health-related issues such as training programmes, cost-benefit analysis, legislation, epidemiology, intervention studies and health systems research. The IJTLD is dedicated to the continuing education of physicians and health personnel and the dissemination of information on tuberculosis and lung health world-wide.

    Certain IJTLD articles are selected for translation into French, Spanish, Chinese or Russian. They are available on the Union website

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