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Electrical Conductivity Measurements in Toners with Conductive Surface Additives

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The objective of this study is to establish correlation between toner conductivity measured in a pressed pellet, and conductive properties of an individual toner particle. Electrical conductivity of toners with conductive surface additives was measured as a function of applied voltage, pellet pressure and additive surface area coverage. Conductivity of toner pellets increases with additive surface area coverage in a percolation manner, and depends on additive-to-toner size ratio, and applied pressure. Possible sources of errors of pellet measurements include enhancement of inter-particle contacts and migration of the additives under high pressure.
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Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 01 January 2004

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  • For more than 30 years, IS&T's series of digital printing conferences have been the leading forum for discussion of advances and new directions in 2D and 3D printing technologies. A comprehensive, industry-wide conference that brings together industry and academia, this meeting includes all aspects of the hardware, materials, software, images, and applications associated with digital printing systems?particularly those involved with additive manufacturing and fabrication?including bio-printing, printed electronics, page-wide, drop-on-demand, desktop and continuous ink jet, toner-based systems, and production digital printing, as well as the engineering capability, optimization, and science involved in these fields. In 2016, the conference changed its name formally to Printing for Fabrication to better reflect the content of the meeting and the evolving technology of printing.

    Please note: For purposes of its Digital Library content, IS&T defines Open Access as papers that will be downloadable in their entirety for free in perpetuity. Copyright restrictions on papers vary; see individual paper for details.

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