Governmental and industrial responses to climate change: The case of germany
Germany has declared itself to be a pioneer in climate policy and has some arguments to bolster this claim. Emissions of the Kyoto basket of greenhouse gases have been reduced by 19.4% between 1990 and 2000. The German government lists more than 100 measures for greenhouse gas reduction in its national climate policy programme. Market instruments still do not figure prominently among these. This can be understood by looking at the strongly regulation-oriented culture of German bureaucracy and the ideological stance of the Green Party, which has had a strong influence on the Ministry of Environment since 1998. However, it is surprising that German industry is trying to scupper the EU draft directive on emissions trading when it should be happy that a market-based instrument could lead to lower costs of climate policy. What are the reasons for this resistance?
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Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: 09 March 2005