Reflection of Nonlinear Acoustic Waves from the Mechanically Free Surface of an Unconsolidated Granular Medium
The problem of the nonlinear reflection of acoustic waves from a mechanically free surface of an unconsolidated granular layer under gravity is solved analytically using the successive approximations method. The theory revealed specific dependencies of the characteristics of the generated acoustic harmonics of longitudinal and shear waves on frequency and the thickness of the granular layer, which are related to a power-law gravity-induced depth stratification of linear and nonlinear mechanical properties of the granular layer. The developed theory could be useful for the analysis of the acoustic experiments directed to the investigation of fundamental mechanical properties of unconsolidated granular media near the jamming transition taking place at zero confining pressure.
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Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: 01 March 2008
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- Acta Acustica united with Acustica, published together with the European Acoustics Association (EAA), is an international, peer-reviewed journal on acoustics. It publishes original articles on all subjects in the field of acoustics, such as general linear acoustics, nonlinear acoustics, macrosonics, flow acoustics, atmospheric sound, underwater sound, ultrasonics, physical acoustics, structural acoustics, noise control, active control, environmental noise, building acoustics, room acoustics, acoustic materials, acoustic signal processing, computational and numerical acoustics, hearing, audiology and psychoacoustics, speech, musical acoustics, electroacoustics, auditory quality of systems. It reports on original scientific research in acoustics and on engineering applications. The journal considers scientific papers, technical and applied papers, book reviews, short communications, doctoral thesis abstracts, etc. In irregular intervals also special issues and review articles are published.
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