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Range-Dependent Regularization of Travel Time Tomography based on Theoretical Modes

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Travel time inversion is a fundamental method of Ocean Acoustic Tomography, to estimate perturbations in sound speed. By discretizing the watercolumn into a system of layers, the method allows to introduce a system of linear equations, relating a known vector of perturbations in travel time, to an unknown vector of perturbations in sound speed, through the so-called "observation matrix". Inverting the system allows to estimate the perturbation in sound speed in each layer of the watercolumn. However, in most problems of practical interest, the number of unknowns (i.e. the perturbations in sound speed) is larger that the number of equations (i.e. the number of delays in travel time). Thus, inverting the system can be viewed as an ill-posed problem. The discussion presented in this paper illustrates an approach to the inversion problem, which is based on the usage of theoretical modes. Further, it is shown that for a range-dependent perturbation in sound speed, corresponding to a superposition of plane waves, the inversion problem can be regularized (i.e. the system can be rewritten in order to deal with more equations than unknowns) by estimating only the amplitudes and phases of the linear waves. Particular examples are given for real data.
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Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 01 September 2002

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  • Acta Acustica united with Acustica, published together with the European Acoustics Association (EAA), is an international, peer-reviewed journal on acoustics. It publishes original articles on all subjects in the field of acoustics, such as general linear acoustics, nonlinear acoustics, macrosonics, flow acoustics, atmospheric sound, underwater sound, ultrasonics, physical acoustics, structural acoustics, noise control, active control, environmental noise, building acoustics, room acoustics, acoustic materials, acoustic signal processing, computational and numerical acoustics, hearing, audiology and psychoacoustics, speech, musical acoustics, electroacoustics, auditory quality of systems. It reports on original scientific research in acoustics and on engineering applications. The journal considers scientific papers, technical and applied papers, book reviews, short communications, doctoral thesis abstracts, etc. In irregular intervals also special issues and review articles are published.
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