Eucalyptus grandis is an important commercial forestry species in South Africa. Little is known about its response (which is both drought and cold sensitive) to cold exposure and subsequent drying. OBJECTIVE: The study was to investigate the responses
of E. grandis in vitro shoots to cold pretreatment. METHODS:
E. grandis in vitro shoots were subjected to cold pretreatment (5, 10 and 15°C at different exposure periods of 1 or 3 days), different drying times (20, 40, 60 and 80 min over activated silica gel), and
the combination of the selected cold pretreatment regime and subsequent drying. RESULTS: Cold pretreatment alone did not cause detrimental effects but elicited the accumulation of phenolic acids. Shoots exposed to 5°C for 3 days had significantly higher levels of reactive oxygen
species as well. The accumulation of ROS and phenolic acids was also noted in unacclimated, dried shoots, especially after 80 min of drying. In addition, these shoots had significantly higher levels of total soluble sugars, lower levels of starch and elevated proline levels. CONCLUSION:
This osmotic adjustment strategy was amplified in cold acclimated, dried shoots (10°C, 3 days; 80 min drying), which also had significantly lower levels of ROS, increased levels of phenolic acid, and higher water content and viability.
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Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: 01 January 2014
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CryoLetters is a bimonthly international journal for low temperature sciences, including cryobiology, cryopreservation or vitrification of cells and tissues, chemical and physical aspects of freezing and drying, and studies involving ecology of cold environments, and cold adaptation
The journal publishes original research reports, authoritative reviews, technical developments and commissioned book reviews of studies of the effects produced by low temperatures on a wide variety of scientific and technical processes, or those involving low temperature techniques in the investigation of physical, chemical, biological and ecological problems.