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Free Content Cryoprotection of Fibroblasts by Carboxylated Poly-L-Lysine Upon Repeated Freeze/thaw Cycles

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The cryoprotection of carboxylated ε-poly-L-lysine (COOH-PLL) was investigated on fibroblasts [L-929 cells and human dermal fibroblasts (HDFs)] during multiple freeze/thaw cycles. COOH-PLL was not toxic to two fibroblast cell types even at 25% (w/v) concentration, whereas dimethylsulphoxide (DMSO) was highly toxic over 3.13% (v/v). When L-929 cells were subjected to 5 freeze/thaw cycles, the media containing 7.5% (w/v) COOH-PLL maintained cell morphology and significantly suppressed growth inhibition as well as cell detachment (P < 0.05). The result was comparable to the media containing 10% (v/v) DMSO. For HDFs, COOH-PLL could effectively retain cell viability and proliferation against 3 freeze/thaw cycles. Cell viability of HDFs was decreased after 5 freeze/thaw cycles, but COOH-PLL exerted better cryoprotection. The cell type might account for the difference in the observations. The data demonstrated that COOH-PLL is a good cryoprotectant for mammalian cells against repeated freeze/thaw cycles, and may be used for cell preservation in fields of cell transplantation, tissue engineering and regenerative medicine.
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Keywords: CARBOXYLATED ε-POLY-L-LYSINE; CRYOPRESERVATION; DIMETHYL SULPHOXIDE; FIBROBLAST CELLS; FREEZING/THAWING

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 01 July 2013

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  • CryoLetters is a bimonthly international journal for low temperature sciences, including cryobiology, cryopreservation or vitrification of cells and tissues, chemical and physical aspects of freezing and drying, and studies involving ecology of cold environments, and cold adaptation

    The journal publishes original research reports, authoritative reviews, technical developments and commissioned book reviews of studies of the effects produced by low temperatures on a wide variety of scientific and technical processes, or those involving low temperature techniques in the investigation of physical, chemical, biological and ecological problems.

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