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Chemopreventive Effect of Nonsteroidal Anti-inflammatory Drugs on 9,10-Dimethylbenz[a]anthracene-Induced Lung Carcinogenesis in Mice

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Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) such as aspirin, celecoxib, and etoricoxib were studied as chemopreventive agents in lung cancer in mice induced by 9,10-dimethylbenz[a]anthracene (DMBA). The animals were subjected to a single intratracheal instillation of DMBA by surgical intervention, while they were treated with oral NSAIDs daily at their following anti-inflammatory dose: aspirin 25 mg/kg, celicoxib 6 mg/kg, and etoricoxib 0.6 mg/kg body weight, respectively. The animals were sacrificed after 18 weeks of treatment. Results showed a significant incidence of pulmonary tumors, dysplastic changes in histopathology, and signs of inflammatory occurrence in the DMBA-treated animals, which were grossly reversed by the NSAIDs. A greater number of macrophages, neutrophils, and lymphocytes were seen in the bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) smear while the inflammatory cell counts decreased in DMBA + NSAIDs groups. A significant increase in the drug-metabolizing enzymes viz. cytochrome p450, cytochrome b5, and glutathione-S-transferase was noted in the DMBA group, which was reverted back in the NSAID-treated mice. Similarly, the subcelluler enzymes were elevated in DMBA, but significantly fell in the NSAID groups. DMBA also caused a higher level of lipid peroxidation as well as the different antioxidant enzyme activity, which were corrected by the NSAIDs. A marked elevation was noticed in the total lipid composition and its individual constituents in the DMBA group, which was reverted back appreciably by the NSAIDs. The results suggest that the DMBA-induced lung tumor development in balb/c mice could be a reliable model to test the chemopreventive potential of the NSAIDs.
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Keywords: 9,10-Dimethylbenz[a]anthracene; Mice lung tumorigenesis; Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 01 November 2009

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