Stability-Indicating Spectrofluorometric Method for the Determination of Some Cephalosporin Drugs via Their Degradation Products
A stability-indicating spectrofluorometric method was investigated for the determination of three cephalosporin drugs, namely, cefpodoxime proxetil (CPD), cefixime trihydrate (CFX), and cefepime hydrochloride (CPM), via their acid and alkali degradation products. The three drugs were determined via their acid degradation at 432, 422, and 435 nm using an excitation wavelength of 310, 330, and 307 nm for CPD, CFX, and CPM determination, respectively, and via their alkali degradation at 407, 411, and 405 nm using an excitation wavelength of 310, 305, and 297 nm for CPD, CFX, and CPM determination, respectively. Linearity was achieved in the ranges of 0.35–3.50, 0.4–4.0, and 0.3–3.0 μg/mL for the acid degradation products of CPD, CFX, and CPM, respectively, and in ranges of 0.05–0.5, 0.1–1.0, and 0.08–0.80 μg/mL for the alkali degradation products of CPD, CFX, and CPM, respectively. The method was validated for various parameters according to International Conference on Harmonization guidelines. The method was successfully applied for the determination of these cephalosporin drugs in pharmaceutical dosage forms with good accuracy and precision. The results obtained by the proposed spectrofluorometric method were compared with good agreement to the official HPLC method.
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Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: Cairo University, Faculty of Pharmacy, Analytical Chemistry Department, Kasr El-Aini St., ET-11562 Cairo, Egypt
Publication date: 01 March 2015
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