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Open Access Effect of Prepregnancy Obesity on Litter Size in Primiparous Minipigs

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Obesity is a public health problem in both developed and developing countries, and the negative effects of obesity on reproductive physiology have been highlighted recently. We evaluated the effects of porcine obesity index, sex hormones, and peptide hormones on litter size in various breeds of minipigs. Blood samples were collected from sedated 8-,10-, and 12-mo-old minipigs to measure preovulatory levels of sex hormones (follicle-stimulating hormone, luteinizing hormone, estradiol, progesterone, testosterone, and prolactin) and peptide hormones (insulin-like growth factor, glucagon, cortisol, growth hormone, free thyroxine, free triiodothyronine, insulin, and leptin). We also measured weight, abdominal circumference, neck circumference, and body length and then calculated the porcine obesity index. Data were analyzed by one-way ANOVA, and means were compared by least significance difference testing. Pearson correlation between parameters and litter size was analyzed. Prepregnancy porcine obesity index and litter size were negatively correlated in primiparous minipigs. Litter size was influenced by luteinizing hormone, estradiol, progesterone, testosterone, prolactin, follicle-stimulating hormone, cortisol, insulin-like growth factor 1, growth hormone, free thyroxine, insulin, and leptin. In conclusion, prepregnancy obesity reduces litter size in primiparous minipigs.
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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Department of Laboratory Animal Center, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou, China 2: Key Laboratory of Oral Medicine, Guangzhou Institute of Oral Disease, Stomatology Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University, Guangzhou, China 3: Department of Laboratory Animal Center, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou, China;, Email: [email protected]

Publication date: 01 March 2018

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  • The Journal of the American Association for Laboratory Animal Science (JAALAS) serves as an official communication vehicle for the American Association for Laboratory Animal Science (AALAS). The journal includes a section of refereed articles and a section of AALAS association news. The mission of the refereed section of the journal is to disseminate high-quality, peer-reviewed information on animal biology, technology, facility operations, management, and compliance as relevant to the AALAS membership. JAALAS accepts research reports (data-based) or scholarly reports (literature-based), with the caveat that all articles, including solicited manuscripts, must include appropriate references and must undergo peer review.

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