Valuing Fish in Aotearoa: The Treaty, the Market, and the Intrinsic Value of the Trout

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Abstract:

New Zealand fisheries management reforms are being conducted in terms of 'balancing' of interests and reconciliation of conflicting claims over ownership and use. Fisheries legislation seeks efficient levels of fishing effort, while establishing 'environmental bottom lines' for stock conservation; resource management law requires, alongside efficiency of resource use, consideration for species diversity and 'the intrinsic values of ecosystems' (notably the 'protection of the habitat of trout and salmon'); and the Treaty of Waitangi safeguards customary practices and life-support requirements (including fisheries) for the Maori people. This paper analyses these antinomies in terms of contrasting ethical positions - utilitarian (self-interested, instrumental) rationality, versus an ethic of reciprocal hospitality - and shows how fisheries management policies can be formulated on this basis.

Keywords: Aotearoa; Treaty of Waitangi; fisheries legislation; habitat protection; hospitality

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3197/096327194776679728

Publication date: August 1, 1994

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  • Environmental Values is an international peer-reviewed journal that brings together contributions from philosophy, economics, politics, sociology, geography, anthropology, ecology and other disciplines, which relate to the present and future environment of human beings and other species. In doing so we aim to clarify the relationship between practical policy issues and more fundamental underlying principles or assumptions.

    Environmental Values has an impact factor (2013) of 1.739.
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