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Effects of Desalination Brine Waste Blended with Treated Wastewater in the Aquatic Environment of San Francisco Bay

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This paper examines the results of eco-toxicity testing performed with a blend of brine produced by the Marin Municipal Water District (MMWD) reverse osmosis desalination pilot plant and treated wastewater from the Central Marin Sanitation Agency (CMSA). The study involved several marine species exposed to varying blends of brine and wastewater. Results show the absence of any significant impact to receiving water biota. A subset of the data also show potential RO brine capacity for mitigating toxicity in wastewater effluents during periods where contaminants may be more concentrated within the discharge stream.


Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2175/193317708X314229

Publication date: April 1, 2008

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  • Water Practice™ publishes peer-reviewed articles and reports focusing on applied water studies. Topics include monitoring, facility operations and maintenance, management, policy, and other issues of interest and concern to water practitioners. The Journal publishes on a monthly to bi-monthly basis and is available online only.
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