SRT-Dependent Phototrophic Growth and Population Changes in Chemostat Cultivation Using Wastewater



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Abstract:

There is a renewed interest in using algae for wastewater polishing and treatment in recent years. Because solids retention time (SRT) is a key design and operating parameter in bioreactor operation, this research determined the effect of SRT on phototrophic growth and microbial population dynamics in continuous flow chemostat systems. There was a unique feature of phototrophic growth that differed from chemotrophic growth in chemostat. It was found that the phototrophic biomass concentration increased proportionally as SRT increased from 3 to 9 d. Regardless of the change in SRT, a step function model was successfully applied with the predicted phototrophic production rate of 4.5 ± 0.9 g m-2 d-1 at the light intensity of 68.5 μmol m-2 s-1. Even though the continuous flow systems were initially seeded with a 1:1 mixture of green algae and cyanobacteria, Chlorella vulgaris always dominated (98%) in the continuous flow chemostat systems under steady-state conditions. Keywords: Chlorella vulgaris; Microcystis aeruginosa; phototrophic growth; solids retention time; continuous flow systems; chemostat

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2175/106143014X13975035526103

Appeared or available online: July 17, 2014

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