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Efficiency of Autothermal Thermophilic Aerobic DigestionUnder Two Different Oxygen Flow Rates

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ABSTRACT: 

The objective of this research was to understand the influence of oxygenation at two different oxygen flow rates (0.105 and 0.210 L/L/h) on autothermal thermophilic aerobic digestion (ATAD), and on the overall performance of Dual Digestion (DD). Profile experiments on an ATAD reactor showed that a significant portion of volatile fatty acids and ammonia were produced in the first 12 h period, and both followed first order kinetics. Ammonia concentrations of ATAD effluent were 1015 mg/L and 1450 mg/L, respectively, at the two oxygenation rates. Ammonia production was not complete in the ATAD reactor at the lower oxygenation rate. However, it was sufficient to maximize volatile solids reduction in the DD process. The biological heat of oxidations were 14,300 J/g Volatile Solids (VS) removed and 15,900 J/g VS removed for the two oxygen flow rates, respectively. The ATAD step provided enhanced digestion for the DD process with higher volatile solids removal and methane yield when compared to conventional digestion.
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Keywords: ATAD; dual digestion; heat of biological oxidation; methane yield; oxygen utilization

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Civil and Environmental Engineering Department, George Washington University, Washington, DC 20052, USA

Publication date: 2014-01-01

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