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Open Access Effects of Pollution on Marine Organisms

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Abstract:

This review covers selected 2012 articles on the biological effects of pollutants and human physical disturbances on marine and estuarine plants, animals, ecosystems and habitats. The review, based largely on journal articles, covers field and laboratory measurement activities (bioaccumulation of contaminants, field assessment surveys, toxicity testing and biomarkers) as well as pollution issues of current interest including endocrine disrupters, emerging contaminants, wastewater discharges, dredging and disposal, etc. Special emphasis is placed on effects of oil spills and marine debris due in part to the 2010 Deepwater Horizon oil blowout in the Gulf of Mexico and the 2011 Japanese tsunami. Several topical areas reviewed in the past (ballast water and ocean acidification) were dropped this year. The focus of this review is on effects, not pollutant fate and transport. There is considerable overlap across subject areas (e.g. some bioaccumulation papers may be cited in other topical categories). Please use keyword searching of the text to locate related but distributed papers. Use this review only as a guide and please consult the original papers before citing them.

Keywords: ANTARCTIC; ARCTIC; BIOACCUMULATION; BIOMAGNIFICATION; BIOMARKERS; DEBRIS; DISPERSANTS; DREDGING; ECOLOGICAL RISK ASSESSMENT; ENDOCRINE DISRUPTERS; EUTROPHICATION; HUMAN DISTURBANCE; MARINE BIOCIDES; NANO PARTICLES; OIL SPILLS; PAHS; PBDES; PCBS; PERSONAL CARE PRODUCTS; PESTICIDES; PHARMACEUTICALS; POPS; RADIONUCLIDES; SEDIMENT QUALITY; SEWAGE; TISSUE RESIDUES; TOXICITY; TRACE METALS

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.2175/106143013X13698672322949

Publication date: 2013-10-01

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  • Water Environment Research (WER) is published monthly, including an annual Literature Review. A subscription to WER includes access to the latest content back to 1992, as well as access to fast track articles. An individual subscription is valid for 12 months from month of purchase.

    Water Environment Research� (WER�) publishes peer-reviewed research papers, research notes, state-of-the-art and critical reviews on original, fundamental and applied research in all scientific and technical areas related to water quality, pollution control, and management. An annual Literature Review provides a review of published books and articles on water quality topics from the previous year.

    Published as: Sewage Works Journal, 1928 - 1949; Sewage and Industrial Wastes, 1950 - 1959; Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, 1959 - Oct 1989; Research Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, Nov 1989 - 1991; Water Environment Research, 1992 - present.
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