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Hydrochemical Status of an Acidic Mining Lakein Çan-Çanakkale, Turkey

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An acidic mining lake located in Çan, Turkey was investigated to assess its water quality status and potential risk for environment. Morphological studies and water quality sampling were conducted to determine vertical and areal distributions of numerous water quality criteria and to assess the general status of the lake. The results revealed that the lake had an average pH of 2.28 and an average electrical conductivity value of 5925 μS/cm. The dissolved oxygen ranged between 0.83 and 6.45 mg/L and demonstrated a significant vertical profile. Sulfate was found to be the dominant anion with an average level of 5912.5 mg/L depicting the extent of pyrite oxidation. Similarly, aluminum, iron and manganese levels were extremely high with averages of 290155, 172344 and 91342 μg/L, respectively. With these levels, the lake is classified to be a Class 4 water resource according to pertinent regulations and is in need of immediate action for rehabilitation.

Keywords: acidic mining lake; high trace element level; low pH; open-pit lignite mine; Çan-Turkey

Document Type: Research Article


Publication date: July 1, 2013

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  • Water Environment Research® (WER®) publishes peer-reviewed research papers, research notes, state-of-the-art and critical reviews on original, fundamental and applied research in all scientific and technical areas related to water quality, pollution control, and management. An annual Literature Review provides a review of published books and articles on water quality topics from the previous year.

    Published as: Sewage Works Journal, 1928 - 1949; Sewage and Industrial Wastes, 1950 - 1959; Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, 1959 - Oct 1989; Research Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, Nov 1989 - 1991; Water Environment Research, 1992 - present.
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