Skip to main content

Water Quality Assessment and Hydrochemical Characteristics of Shallow Groundwater in Eastern Chancheng District, Foshan, China

Buy Article:

$22.00 plus tax (Refund Policy)

Groundwater quality is the critical factor that affects human health and the quality of industrial products in Foshan City, South China. Multivariate statistical techniques, including hierarchical cluster analysis (HCA) and principal component analysis (PCA), were applied to evaluate and interpret the complex groundwater quality in eastern Chancheng district, Foshan City. During the dry and wet seasons, 60% and 11% of the total groundwater samples (respectively) are suitable for drinking purposes; other samples can be used for drinking after being treated for pH, Fe, Mn, Al, NH4, and NO3. Similarly, during the dry and wet seasons, 75% and 33% of the total groundwater samples (respectively) are suitable for industrial purposes; other samples can be used for industrial purposes after being treated for NH4 and NO3. Five principal components are extracted from PCA and used to explain 81.78% of the variance in groundwater. The indicators to groundwater quality assessment are EC, Na, Cl, Fe, Mn, NH4, pH, Eh, PO4, HCO3, and K from PCA. HCA reveals that groundwater samples in the study area can be classified into three groups: one reflecting the interaction of groundwater and sediment medium along with the role of cation exchange; another reflecting the role of anion exchange between phosphate and carbonate; and the final reflecting the reducing environment.
No Reference information available - sign in for access.
No Citation information available - sign in for access.
No Supplementary Data.
No Article Media
No Metrics

Keywords: Water quality; groundwater; hierarchical cluster analysis; hydrochemical characteristics; principal component analysis

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Institute of Hydrogeology and Environmental Geology, Chinese Academy of Geological Sciences, Shijiazhuang 050061, China

Publication date: 2013-04-01

More about this publication?
  • Water Environment Research (WER) is published monthly, including an annual Literature Review. A subscription to WER includes access to the latest content back to 1992, as well as access to fast track articles. An individual subscription is valid for 12 months from month of purchase.

    Water Environment Research (WER) publishes peer-reviewed research papers, research notes, state-of-the-art and critical reviews on original, fundamental and applied research in all scientific and technical areas related to water quality, pollution control, and management. An annual Literature Review provides a review of published books and articles on water quality topics from the previous year.

    Published as: Sewage Works Journal, 1928 - 1949; Sewage and Industrial Wastes, 1950 - 1959; Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, 1959 - Oct 1989; Research Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, Nov 1989 - 1991; Water Environment Research, 1992 - present.
  • Editorial Board
  • Information for Authors
  • Submit a Paper
  • Subscribe to this Title
  • Membership Information
  • Information for Advertisers
  • WEF Bookstore
  • Ingenta Connect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites
  • Access Key
  • Free content
  • Partial Free content
  • New content
  • Open access content
  • Partial Open access content
  • Subscribed content
  • Partial Subscribed content
  • Free trial content
Cookie Policy
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more