Adsorption of Lead(II) by Silica/Cell Composites from Aqueous Solution: Kinetic, Equilibrium, and Thermodynamics Studies

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Abstract:

Silica/cell composites were prepared for the adsorption of lead ions, Pb(II), from aqueous solution in a batch system. The silica/cell composites possessed micropores, high surface area, and abundant functional groups. Adsorption performance was investigated by analyzing the effects of such factors as the initial pH, contact time with different initial concentration, and initial Pb(II) concentration at different temperature. The kinetic data were fitted to pseudo-second-order and intraparticle diffusion kinetic models. The results were better fitted by the pseudo-second-order kinetic model. Intraparticle diffusion increased with an increase of initial concentration and the sorption process was controlled by film diffusion. The Langmuir isotherm model was fitted to the experimental data significantly better than Freundlich and Dubinin‐Radushkevich isotherm models. The maximum adsorption capacity was 97.10 mg g−1, according to the Langmuir isotherm model. Thermodynamics parameters confirmed the spontaneous, endothermic, and entropy-gained nature within the studied temperature range (from 298 to 318 K). The composites could be effectively desorbed by the 2.0 mol L−1 HNO3 solution and would be a potential adsorbent.

Keywords: Pb(II) adsorption; isotherm; kinetic models; silica/cell composites

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2175/106143012X13461650921211

Affiliations: 1:  School of Energy and Power Engineering, Jiangsu University, Zhenjiang, Jiangsu, China 2:  School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Jiangsu University, Zhenjiang, Jiangsu, China

Publication date: February 1, 2013

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  • Water Environment Research® (WER®) publishes peer-reviewed research papers, research notes, state-of-the-art and critical reviews on original, fundamental and applied research in all scientific and technical areas related to water quality, pollution control, and management. An annual Literature Review provides a review of published books and articles on water quality topics from the previous year.

    Published as: Sewage Works Journal, 1928 - 1949; Sewage and Industrial Wastes, 1950 - 1959; Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, 1959 - Oct 1989; Research Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, Nov 1989 - 1991; Water Environment Research, 1992 - present.
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