Enhanced Methane Generation During Theromophilic Co-Digestion of Confectionary Waste and Grease-Trap Fats and Oils with Municipal Wastewater Sludge

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Abstract:

Recent interest in carbon-neutral biofuels has revived interest in co-digestion for methane generation. At wastewater treatment facilities, organic wastes may be co-digested with sludge using established anaerobic digesters. However, changes to organic loadings may induce digester instability, particularly for thermophilic digesters. To examine this problem, thermophilic (55 °C) co-digestion was studied for two food-industry wastes in semi-continuous laboratory digesters; in addition, the wastes' biochemical methane potentials were tested. Wastes with high chemical oxygen demand (COD) content were selected as feedstocks allowing increased input of potential energy to reactors without substantially altering volumetric loadings. Methane generation increased while reactor pH and volatile solids remained stable. Lag periods observed prior to methane stimulation suggested that acclimation of the microbial community may be critical to performance during co-digestion. Chemical oxygen demand mass balances in the experimental and control reactors indicated that all of the food industry waste COD was converted to methane.

Keywords: biofuel; chemical oxygen demand conversions; methane; municipal sludge; temperature-phased anaerobic digestion; thermophilic anaerobic digestion

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2175/106143012X13418552642128

Affiliations: 1:  University of Washington, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, More Hall 201 Box 352700; Seattle, WA 98195-2700; 2:  Brown and Caldwell, Seattle, Washington

Publication date: February 1, 2013

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  • Water Environment Research® (WER®) publishes peer-reviewed research papers, research notes, state-of-the-art and critical reviews on original, fundamental and applied research in all scientific and technical areas related to water quality, pollution control, and management. An annual Literature Review provides a review of published books and articles on water quality topics from the previous year.

    Published as: Sewage Works Journal, 1928 - 1949; Sewage and Industrial Wastes, 1950 - 1959; Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, 1959 - Oct 1989; Research Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, Nov 1989 - 1991; Water Environment Research, 1992 - present.
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