Skip to main content

Characterization of Sulfur in Raw and Anaerobically Digested Municipal Wastewater Treatment Sludges

Buy Article:

$30.00 plus tax (Refund Policy)

Abstract:

A microwave-enhanced acid digestion method that was integrated with inductively coupled plasma‐atomic emission spectrometry was developed and validated for determining total, soluble, and precipitated sulfur in wastewater treatment sludges. The coefficient of variation of this method was less than 4.0%. The recovery of dosed sulfur from sludge samples was between 97.1% and 100.5%. The composition of sulfur in primary and waste-activated sludge (WAS) before and after anaerobic digestion at 35 and 55 °C was characterized by employing this developed method. There was not an apparent relationship between the precipitated sulfur and nonsoluble iron concentrations in sludges. Raw WAS had a more consistent organic sulfur fractionation because of its relatively homogeneous composition. The organic-sulfur-containing components (proteins) of WAS had reduced degradability as compared with that in primary sludge during anaerobic digestion. Digestion at 55 °C increased solubilization but not ultimate conversion of organic sulfur in sludge.

Keywords: anaerobic digestion; mesophilic; municipal sludge; sulfur; thermophilic; wastewater treatment

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2175/106143012X13407275694671

Affiliations:  Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada.

Publication date: February 1, 2013

More about this publication?
  • Water Environment Research® (WER®) publishes peer-reviewed research papers, research notes, state-of-the-art and critical reviews on original, fundamental and applied research in all scientific and technical areas related to water quality, pollution control, and management. An annual Literature Review provides a review of published books and articles on water quality topics from the previous year.

    Published as: Sewage Works Journal, 1928 - 1949; Sewage and Industrial Wastes, 1950 - 1959; Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, 1959 - Oct 1989; Research Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, Nov 1989 - 1991; Water Environment Research, 1992 - present.
  • Editorial Board
  • Information for Authors
  • Submit a Paper
  • Subscribe to this Title
  • Membership Information
  • Information for Advertisers
  • WEF Bookstore
  • ingentaconnect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites
wef/wer/2013/00000085/00000002/art00004
dcterms_title,dcterms_description,pub_keyword
6
5
20
40
5

Access Key

Free Content
Free content
New Content
New content
Open Access Content
Open access content
Subscribed Content
Subscribed content
Free Trial Content
Free trial content
Cookie Policy
X
Cookie Policy
ingentaconnect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more