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Adsorption of Chromium onto Activated Alumina: Kinetics and Thermodynamics Studies

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Abstract:

In this study, the removal of chromium (VI) by adsorption on activated alumina was investigated and the results were fitted to Langmuir, Freundlich, Dubinin-Redushkevich, and Temkin adsorption models at various temperatures. The constants of each model were evaluated depending on temperature. Thermodynamic parameters for the adsorption system were determined at 10, 25 and 40°C. (ΔH° = −21.18 kJ.mol−1; ΔG° = −8.75 to −7.43 kJ.mol−1 and ΔS° = −0.043 kJ.K−1.mol−1). The obtained values showed that chromium (VI) adsorption is a spontaneous and exothermic process. The kinetic process was evaluated by first‐order, second‐order and Elovich kinetic models.

Keywords: Chromium (VI); activated alumina; adsorption isotherm; adsorption kinetic; thermodynamic

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2175/106143012X13560205144137

Affiliations: 1:  U.R Traitement et Dessalement des Eaux, Faculté des Sciences de Tunis, 2092 Manar II - Tunisie., Tel: /, Fax: +21671871282 2:  ICMPE, 2-8 Rue Henri Dunant, 94320 Thiais - France.

Publication date: February 1, 2013

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  • Water Environment Research® (WER®) publishes peer-reviewed research papers, research notes, state-of-the-art and critical reviews on original, fundamental and applied research in all scientific and technical areas related to water quality, pollution control, and management. An annual Literature Review provides a review of published books and articles on water quality topics from the previous year.

    Published as: Sewage Works Journal, 1928 - 1949; Sewage and Industrial Wastes, 1950 - 1959; Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, 1959 - Oct 1989; Research Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, Nov 1989 - 1991; Water Environment Research, 1992 - present.
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