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Adsorption Kinetic and Thermodynamic Studies of Phosphate onto Tantalum Hydroxide

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Tantalum hydroxide exhibits the ability for the removal of phosphate from aqueous solution. The kinetic study, adsorption isotherm, thermodynamic study, desorption, and foreign anions effect were examined in batch experiments. The kinetic process was very well described by a pseudo-second-order rate model. The adsorption isotherms showed that phosphate uptake fitted with a Langmuir-type model very well, with an increase of PO4 3- adsorption capacity from 78.5 to 97.0 mg/g when the temperature increased from 298 to 338 K. The negative values of ΔG0 and the positive values of ΔH0 indicated that the phosphate adsorption process was spontaneous and endothermic naturally. While the ΔS0 values obtained were positive, indicating an increase in randomness at the solid-liquid interface during the adsorption. Foreign anions tests showed that the presence of competitive ions cause minimal interference with the adsorption of phosphate on tantalum hydroxide.
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Keywords: desorption; kinetics; mechanism; phosphate adsorption; tantalum hydroxide; thermodynamics

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: School of Chemistry and Material Science, Liaoning Shihua University, Fushun. 2: Center of Analysis and Measurement, Jilin Institute of Chemical Technology, Jilin City.

Publication date: 01 December 2012

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