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Nitrogen Removal in Constructed Wetlands Using Nitritation/Anammox and Nitrification/ Denitrification: Effects of Influent Nitrogen Concentration

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Simultaneous nitritation/anammox and nitrification/denitrification (SNAND) is a promising method to increase nitrogen removal from ammonium- and nitrate-rich wastewater. This study examined the effects of influent nitrogen concentrations on plant assimilation and microbial nitrogen removal via SNAND in three free water surface wetlands. Anammox and denitrification contributed 78 and 22%, respectively, of microbial removal of total inorganic nitrogen (TIN). Nitrogen removal rates increased with influent concentrations in the low ranges of 17 to 105 mg N/L ammonium and 51 to 179 mg N/L TIN. However, nitrogen removal rates appeared to decrease with influent concentrations in the high ranges of 248 to 293 mg N/L ammonium and 348 to 391 mg N/L TIN. Plant growth was negatively affected when influent ammonium concentration exceeded 46 to 76 mg N/L. Plant assimilation contributed 11 to 47% toward TIN removal at low influent ammonium concentrations (42 to 76 mg N/L) and 4% at high influent ammonium concentrations (mean 264 mg N/L).

Keywords: constructed wetland; influent nitrogen concentration; nitrogen removal; plant uptake; simultaneous nitritation and anammox

Document Type: Research Article


Publication date: December 1, 2012

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  • Water Environment Research® (WER®) publishes peer-reviewed research papers, research notes, state-of-the-art and critical reviews on original, fundamental and applied research in all scientific and technical areas related to water quality, pollution control, and management. An annual Literature Review provides a review of published books and articles on water quality topics from the previous year.

    Published as: Sewage Works Journal, 1928 - 1949; Sewage and Industrial Wastes, 1950 - 1959; Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, 1959 - Oct 1989; Research Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, Nov 1989 - 1991; Water Environment Research, 1992 - present.
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