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Open Access Effects of Pollution on Marine Organisms

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Abstract:

This review covers selected 2011 articles on the biological, chemical and physical effects of natural and anthropogenic pollutants on marine and estuarine plants and animals. The review, based largely on journal articles, covers field and laboratory measurement activities (concentrations of contaminants, field surveys, toxicity testing and biomarkers). Reviewed papers focus further on pollution issues of current interest including endocrine disrupters, wastewater discharges, dredging and disposal, etc. Special emphasis is placed on oil spills and marine debris due in part to the catastrophic Deepwater Horizon blowout in the Gulf of Mexico and ongoing cleanup and the 2011 Japanese tsunami. Several topical areas reviewed in the past were dropped this year due to circumstances beyond our control. Further, the focus is on effects, not pollutant fate and transport. There is considerable overlap across subject areas (e.g. some bioaccumulation papers may be cited in other topical categories). As always, readers should only use this as a guide and must consult the original papers before citing them, including double-checking units.

Keywords: ANTARCTIC; ARCTIC; BIOACCUMULATION; BIOCIDES; BIOMAGNIFICATION; BIOMARKERS; DEBRIS; DREDGING; ECOLOGICAL RISK ASSESSMENT; ENDOCRINE DISRUPTERS; EUTROPHICATION; HUMAN DISTURBANCE; MARINE COATINGS; NANO PARTICLES; OIL SPILLS; PAHS; PBDES; PCBS; PERSONAL CARE PRODUCTS; PESTICIDES; PHARMACEUTICALS; POPS; RADIONUCLIDES; SEDIMENT QUALITY; SEWAGE; TISSUE RESIDUES; TOXICITY; TRACE METALS

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.2175/106143012X13407275695751

Publication date: 2012-10-01

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  • Water Environment Research® (WER®) publishes peer-reviewed research papers, research notes, state-of-the-art and critical reviews on original, fundamental and applied research in all scientific and technical areas related to water quality, pollution control, and management. An annual Literature Review provides a review of published books and articles on water quality topics from the previous year.

    Published as: Sewage Works Journal, 1928 - 1949; Sewage and Industrial Wastes, 1950 - 1959; Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, 1959 - Oct 1989; Research Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, Nov 1989 - 1991; Water Environment Research, 1992 - present.
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