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Effects of Shear and Surface Roughness on Reducing the Attachment of Oscillatoria sp. Filaments on Substrates

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Abstract:

The effects of surface roughness and shear on the attachment of Oscillatoria sp. algal filaments onto SS314 stainless steel coupons were investigated. Average surface roughness was used to systematically characterize the surface condition. An annular biofilm reactor with a spinning inner cylinder was used to create a uniform shear flow over the coupons. As far as the authors are able to establish, these systematic methods have yet to be used in the study of microalgae deposition. It was postulated that increasing average surface roughness would lead to an increase in the amount of algae deposited, whereas an increase in shear would lead to a decrease in algae deposition and reduce the algae lengths by way of fragmentation. The results indicate that an increasing surface roughness would increase the amount of algal strands that might deposit on the coupons, whereas shear was found to have the effect of reducing the amount of algae that might attach on the coupons.

Keywords: Oscillatoria sp; algae attachment; annular reactor; shear; surface roughness

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2175/106143012X13407275694635

Affiliations: Department of Mechanical Engineering, National University of Singapore

Publication date: September 1, 2012

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  • Water Environment Research® (WER®) publishes peer-reviewed research papers, research notes, state-of-the-art and critical reviews on original, fundamental and applied research in all scientific and technical areas related to water quality, pollution control, and management. An annual Literature Review provides a review of published books and articles on water quality topics from the previous year.

    Published as: Sewage Works Journal, 1928 - 1949; Sewage and Industrial Wastes, 1950 - 1959; Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, 1959 - Oct 1989; Research Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, Nov 1989 - 1991; Water Environment Research, 1992 - present.
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