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Hydrodynamic Treatment of Wastewater Effluent Flocs for Improved Disinfection

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Hydrodynamic forces generated by an orifice plate under low pressure were examined as a means of disrupting flocs, in order to improve disinfection of treated wastewater effluents. Changes in cavitation conditions were found to have little impact on the extent of particle breakage in this experimental setup. The rate of strain (flow rate divided by the hole radius cubed), however, was found to be the best predictor of floc breakage. Floc breakage was not affected by changes in floc concentration, but was very sensitive to differences between flocs collected from different sources. Larger flocs (90 to 106 µm) were broken apart to a greater extent than smaller ones (53 to 63 µm). Hydrodynamic treatment decreased the viability of bacteria associated with large flocs, and also increased the ultraviolet dose response by up to one log unit (i.e., a factor of ten). Subjecting final effluent wastewaters to hydrodynamic treatment, therefore, provides a treatment strategy for conditions in which the presence of flocs limits the level of disinfection that can be achieved.

Keywords: cavitation; disinfection; extensional flow; floc; hydrodynamic; orifice; tailing; ultraviolet

Document Type: Research Article


Publication date: 2012-05-01

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  • Water Environment Research (WER) is published monthly, including an annual Literature Review. A subscription to WER includes access to the latest content back to 1992, as well as access to fast track articles. An individual subscription is valid for 12 months from month of purchase.

    Water Environment Research� (WER�) publishes peer-reviewed research papers, research notes, state-of-the-art and critical reviews on original, fundamental and applied research in all scientific and technical areas related to water quality, pollution control, and management. An annual Literature Review provides a review of published books and articles on water quality topics from the previous year.

    Published as: Sewage Works Journal, 1928 - 1949; Sewage and Industrial Wastes, 1950 - 1959; Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, 1959 - Oct 1989; Research Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, Nov 1989 - 1991; Water Environment Research, 1992 - present.
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