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Enhancing the Performance of Sequencing Batch Reactors by Adding Crushed Date Seeds to Remove High Concentrations of 2,4-Dinitrophenol

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Wastewater treatment systems using simultaneous adsorption and biodegradation processes have been successful in treating toxic pollutants present in industrial wastewater. The goal of this investigation was to assess the effectiveness of date seeds in reducing the toxic effects of 2,4-dinitrophenol (DNP) on activated sludge microorganisms. Two identical sequencing batch reactors (SBRs) (4-L glass vessel), each with a 3.5-L working volume, were used. The initial DNP concentrations in the reactor were 50, 75, 100, 250, and 500 mg/L.

The reactor amended with date seeds was capable of degrading DNP at significantly greater rates (11±2.5 mg/L·h) than the control SBR (4±1.2 mg/L·h) at a 95% confidence level. Date seeds can be added to the mixed liquor of activated sludge treatment plants to remove high concentrations of DNP from wastewater, to protect the treatment plant against toxic components in the influent and enhance the settling characteristics of the mixed liquor.

Keywords: 2,4-dinitrophenol; adsorption; biological treatment; low cost adsorbents; sequencing batch reactor

Document Type: Research Article


Publication date: November 1, 2011

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  • Water Environment Research® (WER®) publishes peer-reviewed research papers, research notes, state-of-the-art and critical reviews on original, fundamental and applied research in all scientific and technical areas related to water quality, pollution control, and management. An annual Literature Review provides a review of published books and articles on water quality topics from the previous year.

    Published as: Sewage Works Journal, 1928 - 1949; Sewage and Industrial Wastes, 1950 - 1959; Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, 1959 - Oct 1989; Research Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, Nov 1989 - 1991; Water Environment Research, 1992 - present.
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