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Characterization of Nocardia farcinica, a Filamentous Bacterium Isolated from Foaming Activated Sludge Samples

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Abstract:

The identification and characterization of filamentous bacteria and their association with specific plant operating conditions and influent characteristics has been hampered because of morphological variations and differences between process configurations. A study was conducted to isolate and characterize the predominant filamentous bacteria observed in a foaming activated sludge treatment plant. The predominant foam-forming filament was isolated and characterized using microscopic, biochemical and molecular techniques. The phylogenetic analysis of the 16S rRNA gene confirmed that it was Nocardia farcinica, a typical filamentous foam-foaming pathogenic bacterium which is not widely reported outside of South Africa. The bacterium used a variety of substrates for its growth and showed greater affinity to larger and slowly biodegradable compounds. The N. farcinica grew well at temperatures ranging from 12 to 30 °C in R2A medium and with a pH ranging from 5.5 to 8.0 and an NaCl concentration of 1 to 5%. This range of conditions shows that N. farcinica can withstand extreme conditions, which results in its proliferation in foaming samples.

Keywords: 16S rRNA; Activated sludge; Nocardia farcinica; filamentous bacteria; fluorescent in situ hybridization; foaming

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.2175/106143010X12851009156565

Publication date: 2011-06-01

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  • Water Environment Research (WER) is published monthly, including an annual Literature Review. A subscription to WER includes access to the latest content back to 1992, as well as access to fast track articles. An individual subscription is valid for 12 months from month of purchase.

    Water Environment Research (WER) publishes peer-reviewed research papers, research notes, state-of-the-art and critical reviews on original, fundamental and applied research in all scientific and technical areas related to water quality, pollution control, and management. An annual Literature Review provides a review of published books and articles on water quality topics from the previous year.

    Published as: Sewage Works Journal, 1928 - 1949; Sewage and Industrial Wastes, 1950 - 1959; Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, 1959 - Oct 1989; Research Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, Nov 1989 - 1991; Water Environment Research, 1992 - present.
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