Characterization of Nocardia farcinica, a Filamentous Bacterium Isolated from Foaming Activated Sludge Samples
Abstract:The identification and characterization of filamentous bacteria and their association with specific plant operating conditions and influent characteristics has been hampered because of morphological variations and differences between process configurations. A study was conducted to isolate and characterize the predominant filamentous bacteria observed in a foaming activated sludge treatment plant. The predominant foam-forming filament was isolated and characterized using microscopic, biochemical and molecular techniques. The phylogenetic analysis of the 16S rRNA gene confirmed that it was Nocardia farcinica, a typical filamentous foam-foaming pathogenic bacterium which is not widely reported outside of South Africa. The bacterium used a variety of substrates for its growth and showed greater affinity to larger and slowly biodegradable compounds. The N. farcinica grew well at temperatures ranging from 12 to 30 °C in R2A medium and with a pH ranging from 5.5 to 8.0 and an NaCl concentration of 1 to 5%. This range of conditions shows that N. farcinica can withstand extreme conditions, which results in its proliferation in foaming samples.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: 2011-06-01
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Water Environment Research (WER) publishes peer-reviewed research papers, research notes, state-of-the-art and critical reviews on original, fundamental and applied research in all scientific and technical areas related to water quality, pollution control, and management. An annual Literature Review provides a review of published books and articles on water quality topics from the previous year. Published as: Sewage Works Journal, 1928 - 1949; Sewage and Industrial Wastes, 1950 - 1959; Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, 1959 - Oct 1989; Research Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, Nov 1989 - 1991; Water Environment Research, 1992 - present.
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