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Effect of Feeding Patterns on the Performance of Activated Sludge Systems

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Excessive amounts of monovalent cations are known to cause deterioration in settling and dewatering properties of activated sludge. In this study, variations in the feeding pattern to a sequencing batch reactor (SBR) were evaluated to determine if the feed pattern could influence effluent quality and sludge characteristics under high monovalent cation concentrations. Data showed that deflocculation caused by high concentrations of sodium could be mitigated by using a feed cycle where the influent to the SBR was provided over a period of 1 minute. In contrast, when the feed was provided over 4 hours, deterioration in settling and effluent water quality was observed, as reflected by an increase in effluent suspended solids, effluent chemical oxygen demand, and capillary suction time.

Keywords: activated sludge; bioflocculation; cations

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2175/106143010X12851009156367

Publication date: June 1, 2011

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  • Water Environment Research® (WER®) publishes peer-reviewed research papers, research notes, state-of-the-art and critical reviews on original, fundamental and applied research in all scientific and technical areas related to water quality, pollution control, and management. An annual Literature Review provides a review of published books and articles on water quality topics from the previous year.

    Published as: Sewage Works Journal, 1928 - 1949; Sewage and Industrial Wastes, 1950 - 1959; Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, 1959 - Oct 1989; Research Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, Nov 1989 - 1991; Water Environment Research, 1992 - present.
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