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Improving Thermal Dewatering Characteristics of Mechanically Dewatered Sludge: Response Surface Analysis of Combined Lime-Heat Treatment

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In this study, disintegration of dewatered sludge (dry solids content [DS%]  =  23 ±2) was studied to assess the possibility of enhancing the overall performance of a thermal dewatering processes. Powdered lime was used as an alkaline disintegrator. The combined effects of drying temperature, powdered lime dosage, and organic content on the thermal drying rate of dewatered sludge were investigated in a full-scale wastewater treatment plant. Effects of selected design parameters on the sludge drying rate were modeled using a response surface method. In addition, the possible interaction between lost on ignition and total organic carbon parameters also was investigated statistically. Specific resistance to filtration and free water contents of raw and disintegrated mixed sludge (DS%  =  1.0 to 1.8) samples were compared statistically. The obtained results indicated that all of the selected design parameters have a significant effect on thermal dewatering characteristics, and the alkaline disintegration technique could remarkably improve thermal evaporation rate of dewatered sludge. These results are important because they could help to establish a sustainable sludge management model, which is critical in reducing environmental health risks.

Keywords: Box-Behnken design; dewatered sludge; free water content; response surface method; specific resistance to filtration; total organic carbon

Document Type: Research Article


Publication date: 2011-05-01

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    Water Environment Research� (WER�) publishes peer-reviewed research papers, research notes, state-of-the-art and critical reviews on original, fundamental and applied research in all scientific and technical areas related to water quality, pollution control, and management. An annual Literature Review provides a review of published books and articles on water quality topics from the previous year.

    Published as: Sewage Works Journal, 1928 - 1949; Sewage and Industrial Wastes, 1950 - 1959; Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, 1959 - Oct 1989; Research Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, Nov 1989 - 1991; Water Environment Research, 1992 - present.
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