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Treatment of Distillery Wastewater by the Nano-Scale Zero-Valent Iron and the Supported Nano-Scale Zero-Valent Iron

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The treatment of wastewater from the distillery industry was carried out by using nano-scale- and supported nano-scale zero-valent iron at a laboratory scale and ambient temperature. Effects of dilution, pH, mixing rate, zero-valent iron dosage, and amount of support for the zero-valent iron were investigated. All parameters had a significant effect on the removal efficiency of all investigated pollutants. Increasing the number of dilutions and the nano-scale zero-valent iron dosage led to the increase of removal efficiency of pollutants. Higher removal efficiency was achieved in an acidic initial pH of wastewater. The reduction of all pollutants was limited by the kinetics of the pollutant destruction/reduction by nano-scale zero-valent iron particles at a mixing rate greater than 170 rpm. At optimum condition, greater than 95, 94, and 64% of color, chemical oxygen demand, and biochemical oxygen demand were removed, respectively, within 6 hours. Additionally, the presence of a support had a significant effect on pollutant removal.

Keywords: chitosan; distillery wastewater; treatment; zero-valent iron

Document Type: Research Article


Publication date: 2011-01-01

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  • Water Environment Research (WER) is published monthly, including an annual Literature Review. A subscription to WER includes access to the latest content back to 1992, as well as access to fast track articles. An individual subscription is valid for 12 months from month of purchase.

    Water Environment Research (WER) publishes peer-reviewed research papers, research notes, state-of-the-art and critical reviews on original, fundamental and applied research in all scientific and technical areas related to water quality, pollution control, and management. An annual Literature Review provides a review of published books and articles on water quality topics from the previous year.

    Published as: Sewage Works Journal, 1928 - 1949; Sewage and Industrial Wastes, 1950 - 1959; Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, 1959 - Oct 1989; Research Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, Nov 1989 - 1991; Water Environment Research, 1992 - present.
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