A Comparative Study of Ag(I) Adsorption on Raw and Modified Spent Grain: Kinetic and Thermodynamic Aspects
The capability of modified spent grain (MSG) to adsorb silver (I) [Ag(I)] from aqueous solution was investigated and compared with raw spent grain (RSG) regarding their adsorption isotherms, kinetics, and thermodynamics. The monolayer adsorption capacity was 30.28 mg/g for RSG and 158.23 mg/g for MSG according to the Langmuir isotherm. The Ag(I) adsorption on MSG was approximately 4 times higher than that on RSG. The pseudo-second-order kinetic model provided the best description of Ag(I) adsorption on the two adsorbents. The calculated activation energy (Ea ) implies that the adsorption of Ag(I) on RSG is a physical adsorption and on MSG is of a chemical nature. Thermodynamic results suggest that the adsorption of Ag(I) is an exothermic process for RSG and an endothermic process for MSG, whereas both adsorption processes are spontaneous in nature.
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Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: 2010-11-01
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Water Environment Research (WER) publishes peer-reviewed research papers, research notes, state-of-the-art and critical reviews on original, fundamental and applied research in all scientific and technical areas related to water quality, pollution control, and management. An annual Literature Review provides a review of published books and articles on water quality topics from the previous year. Published as: Sewage Works Journal, 1928 - 1949; Sewage and Industrial Wastes, 1950 - 1959; Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, 1959 - Oct 1989; Research Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, Nov 1989 - 1991; Water Environment Research, 1992 - present.
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