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Precise Adsorption Behavior and Mechanism of Ni(II) ions on Nano-Hydroxyapatite

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Abstract:

The goal of this study was to synthesize use of hydroxyapatite as a high-efficiency adsorbent for Ni(II) ions, and to study its adsorption behavior. Three tests— Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy, transmission electron microscopy, and Brunauer-Emmett-Teller —were carried out to determine the chemical functionality of the hydroxyapatite powders, to observe its crystal morphology, and to measure the specific surface area. Results indicate that proves the n-HA synthesized by chemical precipitation is an effective adsorbent for the removal of Ni(II) ions from water solution. The synthesized, needle-like nano-hydroxyapatite (n-HA) have a uniform average size of 31.9 × 21.3nm, a large specific surface area (135 m2/g), and typically is a weak crystal with a broad pore distribution. The adsorption isotherm shows the Langmuir model is applicable only when the initial Ni2+ concentration is lower than 0.1 mol/L. Multilayer adsorption was attributed to uneven pore distribution that occurred at higher Ni2+ concentration. The adsorption of Ni2+ onto n-HA was attributed to electrostatic attraction, ion exchange, and dissolution-precipitation reaction. As the result, Ni2+ substitutes Ca2+ and binds with the oxygen atom on the surface, which resulted from the change in crystal-phase composition and in the binding energy of surface elements of n-HA before and after adsorption.

Keywords: Nano-hydroxyapatite; Ni(II) ions; XPS; adsorption behavior

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2175/106143010X12609736966405

Publication date: November 1, 2010

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  • Water Environment Research® (WER®) publishes peer-reviewed research papers, research notes, state-of-the-art and critical reviews on original, fundamental and applied research in all scientific and technical areas related to water quality, pollution control, and management. An annual Literature Review provides a review of published books and articles on water quality topics from the previous year.

    Published as: Sewage Works Journal, 1928 - 1949; Sewage and Industrial Wastes, 1950 - 1959; Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, 1959 - Oct 1989; Research Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, Nov 1989 - 1991; Water Environment Research, 1992 - present.
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