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Open Access Detection and Occurrence of Indicator Organisms and Pathogens

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Abstract:

A review of the literature published in 2009 is presented on topics related to occurrence and detection of fecal indicators and pathogens. This review is divided into three major sections: environmental occurrence, persistence, and transport; detection methods; and microbial source tracking. The first section is subdivided into persistence and transport of fecal indicator bacteria, particle association and transport, microbial quality of recreational beaches, occurrence of fecal indicators bacteria and pathogens in watersheds, irrigation systems, estuaries, and wetlands, and novel indicators. The second section describes the studies related to endpoint PCR and reverse transcription PCR, real-time PCR, loop mediated isothermal amplification, array based genetic and phenotype based diagnostics, and genotyping. The third section covers genotypic and phenotypic microbial source tracking methods.

Keywords: DETECTION; ENVIRONMENTAL; FECAL INDICATOR BACTERIA; GENOTYPIC; PCR; PERSISTENCE; PHENOTYPIC

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2175/106143010X12756668800654

Publication date: January 1, 2010

More about this publication?
  • Water Environment Research® (WER®) publishes peer-reviewed research papers, research notes, state-of-the-art and critical reviews on original, fundamental and applied research in all scientific and technical areas related to water quality, pollution control, and management. An annual Literature Review provides a review of published books and articles on water quality topics from the previous year.

    Published as: Sewage Works Journal, 1928 - 1949; Sewage and Industrial Wastes, 1950 - 1959; Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, 1959 - Oct 1989; Research Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, Nov 1989 - 1991; Water Environment Research, 1992 - present.
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