The performance, sustainability, and mechanisms of bacterial removal from stormwater runoff by bioretention systems are poorly understood. The potential for removal of microorganisms in bioretention systems was evaluated using column studies and simulated urban stormwater runoff. Conventional
bioretention media (CBM) removed 82% of Escherichia coli O157:H7 strain B6914 cells; iron-oxide coated sand (IOCS) significantly enhanced capture, with 99% efficiency. This improvement possibly was because of the greater positive surface charge and roughness of the IOCS. Trapped strain
B6914 cells decayed more rapidly in CBM, however, with more than 99.98% die-off within one week compared with the IOCS in which approximately 48% of trapped cells survived. Predation and competition from native microorganisms in CBM were verified to play a dominant role in rapid destruction
of trapped strain B6914. In particular, protozoan grazing appeared to play an important role, with the die-off of trapped B6914 increasing with increasing concentrations of protozoa.
Water Environment Research® (WER®) publishes peer-reviewed research papers, research notes, state-of-the-art and critical reviews on original, fundamental and applied research in all scientific and technical areas related to water quality, pollution control, and management. An annual Literature Review provides a review of published books and articles on water quality topics from the previous year. Published as: Sewage Works Journal, 1928 - 1949; Sewage and Industrial Wastes, 1950 - 1959; Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, 1959 - Oct 1989; Research Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, Nov 1989 - 1991; Water Environment Research, 1992 - present.