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Enhanced Lipid Degradation in an Upflow Anaerobic Sludge Blanket Reactor by Integration with an Acidogenic Reactor

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Abstract:

Lipids inhibition and their degradation in dairy wastewater treatment were investigated in this study. A two-phase system, composed of an acidogenic continuously stirred tank reactor (CSTR) and a methanogenic upflow anaerobic sludge blanket (UASB) reactor, was compared with the single-phase system of a conventional UASB reactor. The systems were operated up to an organic loading rate of 8.09 g chemical oxygen demand (COD)/L·d at a lipid loading rate of 2.94 g COD/L·d. The two-phase system showed better performance in COD removal (1.19 times), lipids removal (1.92 times), and methane production (1.42 times) compared with the single-phase system. The degradation of lipids and the saturation of the double-bonded lipids in the CSTR enhanced the performance of the system. In serum bottle tests at different lipids concentrations, a high lipids concentration resulted in a long lag-phase time for methane production. However, 69.5% of COD eventually was converted to methane within 50 days at 6.1 g lipid-COD/L.

Keywords: aciodogenic; continuously stirred tank reactor; inhibition; lag-phase; lipids; reversible; saturation; two-phase; upflow anaerobic sludge blanket

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.2175/106143009X442899

Publication date: 2010-03-01

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  • Water Environment Research® (WER®) publishes peer-reviewed research papers, research notes, state-of-the-art and critical reviews on original, fundamental and applied research in all scientific and technical areas related to water quality, pollution control, and management. An annual Literature Review provides a review of published books and articles on water quality topics from the previous year.

    Published as: Sewage Works Journal, 1928 - 1949; Sewage and Industrial Wastes, 1950 - 1959; Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, 1959 - Oct 1989; Research Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, Nov 1989 - 1991; Water Environment Research, 1992 - present.
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