Stochastic Calibration of Riverine Water Quality Models

$30.00 plus tax (Refund Policy)

Buy Article:

Abstract:

Though commonly used, the suitability of deterministic calibration criteria for stochastic model calibration and uncertainty analysis is unclear. The purpose of this paper is to examine the suitability, relative benefits, and substantial disadvantages of “deterministic-optimization” approaches, such as root mean square error (RMSE), in stochastic contexts. Three alternate calibration strategies that are suitable for stochastic modeling of water quality under uncertainty are proposed and then demonstrated. The three alternate strategies are the absolute relative error (ARE), weighted relative error, and stochastic exceedance calibration strategy. The findings suggest that potential improvements can be made to current calibration paradigms.

The alternate calibration strategies, all of which are based on relative error, were found to match or exceed RMSE calibration strategies, in terms of overall performance, with the enhancement of superior model surface-response characteristics. Additionally, the application of more stringent ARE criteria offered greater improvement in the stochastic calibration response than increasing the RMSE threshold criteria. Several qualitative benefits of ARE and related metrics also were shown. Because many environmental systems and almost all water quality models are subject to substantial uncertainty, approaches such as those proposed hold substantial, widely applicable benefits.

Keywords: calibration; model; stochastic; uncertainty; water quality

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2175/106143009X442934

Publication date: February 1, 2010

More about this publication?
  • Water Environment Research® (WER®) publishes peer-reviewed research papers, research notes, state-of-the-art and critical reviews on original, fundamental and applied research in all scientific and technical areas related to water quality, pollution control, and management. An annual Literature Review provides a review of published books and articles on water quality topics from the previous year.

    Published as: Sewage Works Journal, 1928 - 1949; Sewage and Industrial Wastes, 1950 - 1959; Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, 1959 - Oct 1989; Research Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, Nov 1989 - 1991; Water Environment Research, 1992 - present.
  • Editorial Board
  • Information for Authors
  • Submit a Paper
  • Subscribe to this Title
  • Membership Information
  • Information for Advertisers
  • WEF Bookstore
  • ingentaconnect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites

Tools

Favourites

Share Content

Access Key

Free Content
Free content
New Content
New content
Open Access Content
Open access content
Subscribed Content
Subscribed content
Free Trial Content
Free trial content
Cookie Policy
X
Cookie Policy
ingentaconnect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more