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Effect of Aging, Time, and Temperature on Fecal Coliform Counts during Centrifugal Dewatering and Role of Centrate in Growth Inhibition

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Abstract:

Recent studies have reported significant increases in fecal coliform counts in anaerobically digested sludge soon after centrifuge dewatering. The reasons behind these increases are not yet understood. This study investigated the role of inhibitor substances on the reactivation and regrowth of sludge bacteria and the effect of storage time and temperature on their growth behavior. The study consisted of full- and laboratory-scale testing, and quantified the microbiological and chemical characteristics of sludge, cake, and centrate samples under different temperatures and aging times. Significant reactivation was not observed at the treatment plants tested. Results showed that the regrowth phenomenon is not observed for all sludges, and differences in sludge characteristics and treatment processes may play a role in determining the regrowth behavior of sludge. Centrate collected from one of the treatment plants had an inhibitory effect on the growth of fecal coliform and was four times more toxic than cake to the bacteria. Chemical analyses of the centrate identified sulfide as one of the possible inhibitory compounds. The results also showed that fecal coliform have different growth and survival behavior compared to other sludge bacteria.

Keywords: centrate; centrifuge; coliform; dewatering; inhibition; reactivation; regrowth; toxicity

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.2175/106143009X442943

Affiliations: Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Carleton University, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada

Publication date: 2010-01-01

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  • Water Environment Research (WER) is published monthly, including an annual Literature Review. A subscription to WER includes access to the latest content back to 1992, as well as access to fast track articles. An individual subscription is valid for 12 months from month of purchase.

    Water Environment Research (WER) publishes peer-reviewed research papers, research notes, state-of-the-art and critical reviews on original, fundamental and applied research in all scientific and technical areas related to water quality, pollution control, and management. An annual Literature Review provides a review of published books and articles on water quality topics from the previous year.

    Published as: Sewage Works Journal, 1928 - 1949; Sewage and Industrial Wastes, 1950 - 1959; Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, 1959 - Oct 1989; Research Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, Nov 1989 - 1991; Water Environment Research, 1992 - present.
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