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Kinetics and Thermodynamics of Arsenate and Arsenite Biosorption by Pretreated Spent Grains

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Abstract:

Using chemically modified spent grains as a new biosorbent to treat arsenate and arsenite ions was studied. The influences of pH, contact time, initial concentration and temperature were studied in batch experiments. The equilibrium process was described well by Langmuir isotherm model with maximum biosorption capacities of 13.39 and 4.86 mg/g of arsenate and arsenite on spent grains, respectively. The initial removal was rapid, and equilibrium was established in less than 180 min. Good correlation coefficients were obtained for the pseudo-second-order kinetic model. In the binary metal solutions, the finite sites on the surface of spent grains showed a greater preference for As(V) ions. The enthalpy of biosorption was exothermic and the increase in As(III) removal was larger than that of As(V) over the same rise in temperature. In this study, spent grains proved to be suitable for removal of As(V) and As(III) from the effluent of metallurgical industry.

Keywords: arsenate ions; arsenite ions; biosorption; equilibrium; kinetics; spent grains; thermodynamics

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2175/106143009X407410

Publication date: September 1, 2009

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  • Water Environment Research® (WER®) publishes peer-reviewed research papers, research notes, state-of-the-art and critical reviews on original, fundamental and applied research in all scientific and technical areas related to water quality, pollution control, and management. An annual Literature Review provides a review of published books and articles on water quality topics from the previous year.

    Published as: Sewage Works Journal, 1928 - 1949; Sewage and Industrial Wastes, 1950 - 1959; Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, 1959 - Oct 1989; Research Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, Nov 1989 - 1991; Water Environment Research, 1992 - present.
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