Monitoring of Anoxic/Oxic Process for Nitrogen and Chemical Oxygen Demand Removal Using Fuzzy Neural Networks
In this paper, a software sensor based on a fuzzy neural network (FNN) approach was proposed for the real-time estimation of nutrient concentrations and overcoming the problem of delayed measurements. To improve the FNN performance, fuzzy subtractive clustering was used to identify the model's architecture and optimize the fuzzy rule; meanwhile, a split network structure, applied separately for anaerobic and aerobic conditions, was used with dynamic modeling methods, such as an auto-regressive model with exogenous inputs. The proposed methodology was applied to a bench-scale anoxic/oxic process for biological nitrogen removal. It was possible to partially overcome the extrapolation problem of FNNs with the aid of multi-way principal component analysis, because it has the ability to detect abnormal situations, which could generate extrapolation. Real-time estimation of chemical oxygen demand, nitrate, and ammonium concentrations based on the model was successfully carried out with the simple online information of the anoxic/oxic system.
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Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: 2009-07-01
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Water Environment Research (WER) publishes peer-reviewed research papers, research notes, state-of-the-art and critical reviews on original, fundamental and applied research in all scientific and technical areas related to water quality, pollution control, and management. An annual Literature Review provides a review of published books and articles on water quality topics from the previous year. Published as: Sewage Works Journal, 1928 - 1949; Sewage and Industrial Wastes, 1950 - 1959; Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, 1959 - Oct 1989; Research Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, Nov 1989 - 1991; Water Environment Research, 1992 - present.
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