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Ozonation in Sequencing Batch Reactors for Reduction of Waste Solids

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Abstract:

The objective of this research was to study a process modification for reducing the mass of waste sludge from sequencing batch reactors (SBRs) by promoting the use of intracellular products released by ozonation of the biomass. For this purpose, biomass generated in laboratory-scale SBRs was exposed to ozone (O 3) as a cell-lysing agent to partially solubilize intracellular material. The results indicated that the application of low doses of ozone reduced the mass of waste sludge production by an average of 29%. This positive aspect of the process was achieved using an average daily ozonation rate of 0.0106 mg O 3/mg TSS · h, with slightly less than 2 hours of ozonation per cycle with 3 cycles per day. In addition, the short-term settling characteristics of the ozonated biomass were observed to have improved. A negative aspect of the ozonation process resulted in decreased effluent quality, as determined by measured increases in the soluble chemical oxygen demand, total Kjeldahl nitrogen, and total phosphorus concentrations of reactor effluent.

Keywords: auto-digestion; biomass; cell lysis; cryptic growth; ozonation; pollution prevention; sequencing batch reactors; waste minimization

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2175/106143008X370502

Publication date: May 1, 2009

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  • Water Environment Research® (WER®) publishes peer-reviewed research papers, research notes, state-of-the-art and critical reviews on original, fundamental and applied research in all scientific and technical areas related to water quality, pollution control, and management. An annual Literature Review provides a review of published books and articles on water quality topics from the previous year.

    Published as: Sewage Works Journal, 1928 - 1949; Sewage and Industrial Wastes, 1950 - 1959; Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, 1959 - Oct 1989; Research Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, Nov 1989 - 1991; Water Environment Research, 1992 - present.
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