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Simulation of Coagulation, Flocculation, and Sedimentation

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Abstract:

The computer program ZB2 was used to study simulated coagulation, flocculation, and sedimentation. The effect of the initial velocity of soil particles on the values of reaction-rate constants was investigated. In this respect, the results obtained with the program ZB2 corresponded to the theory and realities of coagulation carried out under practical conditions. The effect of coagulant excess/deficiency on the formation of the first floc and on the rate of coagulation of 50% of a soil was also estimated. An increase in simulated coagulant excess caused a decrease in the simulated rate of soil coagulation. In this respect, the results obtained with the program ZB2 did not correspond to the realities of coagulation carried out under practical conditions. An attempt was made to explain this inconsistency referring to the coagulation-flocculation theory. The simulation program ZB2 may provide a basis for developing “local” programs simulating coagulation-flocculation, which can be successfully applied at wastewater treatment plants.

Keywords: coagulation; computer simulation; flocculation; sedimentation

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2175/106143008X357174

Publication date: April 1, 2009

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  • Water Environment Research® (WER®) publishes peer-reviewed research papers, research notes, state-of-the-art and critical reviews on original, fundamental and applied research in all scientific and technical areas related to water quality, pollution control, and management. An annual Literature Review provides a review of published books and articles on water quality topics from the previous year.

    Published as: Sewage Works Journal, 1928 - 1949; Sewage and Industrial Wastes, 1950 - 1959; Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, 1959 - Oct 1989; Research Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, Nov 1989 - 1991; Water Environment Research, 1992 - present.
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