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Kinetics of p-Nitrophenol Adsorption by Layered Double Oxides During Its Hydration

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Abstract:

Kinetics of p-nitrophenol (PNP) adsorption onto layered double oxides (LDO) during its hydration into layered double hydroxides (LDH) was studied. Results indicate that the adsorption of PNP onto LDO is a spontaneous endothermic process. The adsorption isotherms correlate well with the Freundlich type model. Results suggest that the adsorption of PNP onto LDO is an entropy-increasing process, and it appears to be in agreement with pseudo-second-order kinetics. Intra-particle diffusion was found to take part in the adsorption processes, and it might be the primary rate-limiting step for the sorbing capacity of LDO to PNP. Results from X-ray diffraction and Fourier transform infrared indicate that PNP molecules are probably taken into the interlayer of the structure during the hydration of LDO into the LDH. Activated carbon was used as a benchmark material in evaluating the sorbing capacity of LDO to PNP. The sorbing capacity of LDO to PNP (32 mg PNP/g LDO) was well below activated carbon (659 mg PNP/g carbon); however, the sorbing process of LDO to PNP is also a unique synthetic process for LDH, which has been used in removing specific anionic species, such as bioagents and pharmaceutical intermediates from waters.

Keywords: adsorption; layered double hydroxide; layered double oxide; p-nitrophenol; sorbent

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.2175/106143008X274158

Publication date: 2009-01-01

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  • Water Environment Research® (WER®) publishes peer-reviewed research papers, research notes, state-of-the-art and critical reviews on original, fundamental and applied research in all scientific and technical areas related to water quality, pollution control, and management. An annual Literature Review provides a review of published books and articles on water quality topics from the previous year.

    Published as: Sewage Works Journal, 1928 - 1949; Sewage and Industrial Wastes, 1950 - 1959; Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, 1959 - Oct 1989; Research Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, Nov 1989 - 1991; Water Environment Research, 1992 - present.
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