Visible-Light-Sensitized Dechlorination of Perchloroethylene
Abstract:An aqueous reaction mixture containing perchloroethylene (PCE), a photosensitizer, and an electron donor was irradiated by visible lamps to facilitate a sunlight-sensitized dechlorination reaction. Various types of lamps, electron donors, and photosensitizers were examined, to compare the rates of dechlorination. Of the six photosensitizers evaluated, methylene blue was the most effective. Electron donors varied in effectiveness, as follows: trimethylamine > triethylamine > tributylamine. The intermediates and reaction products were identified by a purge-and-trap gas chromatography mass spectrometer system. The photosensitized dechlorination method degraded PCE via an electron-transfer-relay mechanism. Degradation products identified were trichloroethylene, dichloroethylenes, and chloroethylene. It seems a sequential dechlorination pathway was followed. The PCE dechlorination in a natural sunlight irradiation test was shown to be more effective than any of the simulated visible light sources. The result supports the feasibility of future development of solar-powered dechlorination remediation systems with the use of sunlight, nontoxic dyes, and electron donors.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: 2009-01-01
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Water Environment Research� (WER�) publishes peer-reviewed research papers, research notes, state-of-the-art and critical reviews on original, fundamental and applied research in all scientific and technical areas related to water quality, pollution control, and management. An annual Literature Review provides a review of published books and articles on water quality topics from the previous year. Published as: Sewage Works Journal, 1928 - 1949; Sewage and Industrial Wastes, 1950 - 1959; Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, 1959 - Oct 1989; Research Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, Nov 1989 - 1991; Water Environment Research, 1992 - present.
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