Effect of Anoxic Selector Configuration on Sludge Volume Index Control and Bacterial Population Fingerprinting

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Abstract:

The effect of single-stage and 4-stage anoxic selectors and an anoxic/aerobic sequencing batch reactor (SBR) on the removal of readily biodegradable chemical oxygen demand (rbCOD) and slowly biodegradable COD (sbCOD) and on filamentous growth and sludge settleability was studied. Microbial community fingerprinting in the three selector configurations was done using automated ribosomal intergenic spacer analysis. Nostocoida limicola II and type 1851 filamentous bacteria were observed in all systems. The diluted sludge volume index (DSVI) decreased with increased selector staging. The rbCOD was almost completely removed in all selectors, and the lower DSVI values with increased selector staging were the result of greater sbCOD removal in the selector. The plug-flow kinetics in the SBR aerobic phase also improved DSVI. The bacteria community composition in the 4-stage selector system was found to be more similar to that for the SBR than for the single-stage selector.

Keywords: Nostocoida limicola II; anoxic selector; automated ribosomal intergenic spacer analysis; bacterial community fingerprinting; filamentous bulking; slowly biodegradable substrate; staging; type 1851

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2175/106143008X325700

Affiliations: Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington.

Publication date: December 1, 2008

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  • Water Environment Research® (WER®) publishes peer-reviewed research papers, research notes, state-of-the-art and critical reviews on original, fundamental and applied research in all scientific and technical areas related to water quality, pollution control, and management. An annual Literature Review provides a review of published books and articles on water quality topics from the previous year.

    Published as: Sewage Works Journal, 1928 - 1949; Sewage and Industrial Wastes, 1950 - 1959; Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, 1959 - Oct 1989; Research Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, Nov 1989 - 1991; Water Environment Research, 1992 - present.
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