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Fixation of Heavy Metals onto Lignocellulosic Sorbent Prepared from Paddy Straw

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Abstract:

The sorption behavior of biosorbent prepared from paddy straw with nine different heavy metals has been studied. The binding mechanisms involving adsorption and the cation-exchange process have also been investigated. Characterization of biosorbent through a scanning electron microscope revealed no major surface deformity resulting from the chemical treatment. X-ray photo electron spectroscopy was also used to determine the presence of exchangeable cations in the sorbent and the speciation of bound chromium, cadmium, and mercury. The maximum sorption capacity (millimoles/gram) obtained from the Langmuir model for Pb 2+, Cd 2+, Hg 2+, Co 2+, Ni 2+, Mn 2+, Zn 2+, and Cu 2+ were 0.286, 0.147, 0.226, 0.181, 0.196, 0.189, 0.219, and 0.248, respectively. Interpretation of Dahlquist (1978) and Scatchard (1949) was also used for the binding site heterogeneity. The unique ability of the biosorbent to bind nine different metals has been attributed to the presence of surface heterogeneity and Ca 2+ ions, which attract and sequester metal ions. Biosorption results are useful for the development of low-cost biosorbent.

Keywords: fixation; heavy metals; mechanism; paddy straw

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2175/106143008X304785

Publication date: November 1, 2008

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  • Water Environment Research® (WER®) publishes peer-reviewed research papers, research notes, state-of-the-art and critical reviews on original, fundamental and applied research in all scientific and technical areas related to water quality, pollution control, and management. An annual Literature Review provides a review of published books and articles on water quality topics from the previous year.

    Published as: Sewage Works Journal, 1928 - 1949; Sewage and Industrial Wastes, 1950 - 1959; Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, 1959 - Oct 1989; Research Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, Nov 1989 - 1991; Water Environment Research, 1992 - present.
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