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Effects of pH and Iron Concentrations on Sulfide Precipitation in Wastewater Collection Systems

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Sulfide precipitation by addition of iron salts is a widely used strategy for sulfide control in wastewater collection systems. Several parameters, such as pH, oxidation–reduction conditions, and reactant concentrations, are known to affect the feasibility of the method. However, their combined effects are difficult to predict for complex media, such as wastewater. This study investigates the effect of pH and reactant concentrations on the efficiency of iron sulfide precipitation in anaerobic municipal wastewater. Laboratory experiments showed that, when the pH was below 7, typically less than 40% of the added ferrous iron reacted by sulfide precipitation, although sulfide was in excess. However, when the pH was above 8, almost complete precipitation of all the added ferrous iron was observed. Varying the ferric-iron-to-ferrous-iron ratio demonstrated that improved efficiency could be achieved when using a 1:1 mixture of ferric chloride and ferrous sulfate.

Keywords: collection systems; odor control; sulfide precipitation

Document Type: Research Article


Publication date: April 1, 2008

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  • Water Environment Research® (WER®) publishes peer-reviewed research papers, research notes, state-of-the-art and critical reviews on original, fundamental and applied research in all scientific and technical areas related to water quality, pollution control, and management. An annual Literature Review provides a review of published books and articles on water quality topics from the previous year.

    Published as: Sewage Works Journal, 1928 - 1949; Sewage and Industrial Wastes, 1950 - 1959; Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, 1959 - Oct 1989; Research Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, Nov 1989 - 1991; Water Environment Research, 1992 - present.
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