Enhanced Removal of Lead(II) and Cadmium(II) from Water in Alum Coagulation by Ferrate(VI) Pretreatment
Authors: Liang, Yong-mei; Jun, Ma; Liu, Wei
Source: Water Environment Research, Volume 79, Number 12, November 2007 , pp. 2420-2426(7)
Publisher: Water Environment Federation
Abstract:A laboratory study demonstrated that ferrate pretreatment significantly enhanced lead and cadmium removal in alum coagulation, under the conditions of natural surface water. The enhancement of lead removal was approximately 21 to 37% by ferrate pretreatment at a dosage of 1 to 5 mg/L. The enhanced removal of cadmium by ferrate pretreatment at a dosage of 1 to 5 mg/L exceeded the removal by alum coagulation alone 2- to 12-fold. Cadmium is much more difficult to remove than lead in alum coagulation. The performance of ferrate in enhancing the removal of lead and cadmium in alum coagulation was better than that of ferric chloride. The removal of lead and cadmium was highly pH-dependent, following the general trend of higher pH being related to higher removal. Satisfactory removal of cadmium could be expected by ferrate pretreatment combined with adjusting the pH of the water.
Document Type: Research article
Publication date: 2007-11-01
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