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Effect of Sequencing Batch Reactor Operation on Presence and Concentration of Tetracycline-Resistant Organisms

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Abstract:

The effect of sequencing batch reactor operation on presence and concentration of tetracycline-resistant organisms was studied as a function of organic loading rate (OLR) and solids retention time (SRT), with and without supplemented influent tetracycline. These effects were evaluated using bacterial counts, bacterial production, system growth rate, and percent resistance. These evaluation parameters were applied to both intermediate resistant and resistant heterotrophs, enterics, and lactose fermenters. Tetracycline intermediate resistant and resistant bacteria are defined as the survival of colonies on agar with 5 and 20 mg/L tetracycline, respectively. Based on these studies, increases in influent tetracycline concentration and OLR resulted in amplification of tetracycline resistance. Decreases in SRT also resulted in amplification of tetracycline resistance.

Keywords: growth rate; organic loading rate; sequencing batch activated sludge; tetracycline; tetracycline intermediate resistance; tetracycline resistance

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.2175/106143007X184087

Publication date: 2007-10-01

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  • Water Environment Research® (WER®) publishes peer-reviewed research papers, research notes, state-of-the-art and critical reviews on original, fundamental and applied research in all scientific and technical areas related to water quality, pollution control, and management. An annual Literature Review provides a review of published books and articles on water quality topics from the previous year.

    Published as: Sewage Works Journal, 1928 - 1949; Sewage and Industrial Wastes, 1950 - 1959; Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, 1959 - Oct 1989; Research Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, Nov 1989 - 1991; Water Environment Research, 1992 - present.
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