Skip to main content

A Net Water Production Model for Ultrafiltration Including Flow Direction Reversal and Chemically Assisted Backwashing

Buy Article:

$30.00 plus tax (Refund Policy)

Abstract:

Flow direction reversal (FDR) was proposed as a novel method to increase net water production (NWP) during cross-flow ultrafiltration. The design of the pilot-plant study allowed measurement of specific flux recovery after each chemically assisted backwash (BW) combined with FDR and after each FDR at the midpoint of each BW/FDR cycle. The percent recovery of specific flux was higher following FDR (55%) than combined BW and FDR (53%) at lower chemical dosages; however, the percent increase in specific flux recovery by FDR was much lower (20%) when the chemical dose was doubled. A mathematical model was developed to predict the NWP achieved by any combination of BW/FDR and FDR frequency. For example, the advantage of introducing FDR was demonstrated at the lower chlorine dose, whereby the percent increase in NWP by alternating 15-minute intervals of BW/FDR with FDR over BW/FDR alone was 10% for 30-minute BW/FDR intervals and 2% for 15-minute BW/FDR intervals.

Keywords: operational parameters; optimization; ultrafiltration

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2175/106143007X175861

Publication date: August 1, 2007

More about this publication?
  • Water Environment Research® (WER®) publishes peer-reviewed research papers, research notes, state-of-the-art and critical reviews on original, fundamental and applied research in all scientific and technical areas related to water quality, pollution control, and management. An annual Literature Review provides a review of published books and articles on water quality topics from the previous year.

    Published as: Sewage Works Journal, 1928 - 1949; Sewage and Industrial Wastes, 1950 - 1959; Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, 1959 - Oct 1989; Research Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, Nov 1989 - 1991; Water Environment Research, 1992 - present.
  • Editorial Board
  • Information for Authors
  • Submit a Paper
  • Subscribe to this Title
  • Membership Information
  • Information for Advertisers
  • WEF Bookstore
  • ingentaconnect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites
wef/wer/2007/00000079/00000008/art00009
dcterms_title,dcterms_description,pub_keyword
6
5
20
40
5

Access Key

Free Content
Free content
New Content
New content
Open Access Content
Open access content
Subscribed Content
Subscribed content
Free Trial Content
Free trial content
Cookie Policy
X
Cookie Policy
ingentaconnect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more