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A Net Water Production Model for Ultrafiltration Including Flow Direction Reversal and Chemically Assisted Backwashing

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Flow direction reversal (FDR) was proposed as a novel method to increase net water production (NWP) during cross-flow ultrafiltration. The design of the pilot-plant study allowed measurement of specific flux recovery after each chemically assisted backwash (BW) combined with FDR and after each FDR at the midpoint of each BW/FDR cycle. The percent recovery of specific flux was higher following FDR (55%) than combined BW and FDR (53%) at lower chemical dosages; however, the percent increase in specific flux recovery by FDR was much lower (20%) when the chemical dose was doubled. A mathematical model was developed to predict the NWP achieved by any combination of BW/FDR and FDR frequency. For example, the advantage of introducing FDR was demonstrated at the lower chlorine dose, whereby the percent increase in NWP by alternating 15-minute intervals of BW/FDR with FDR over BW/FDR alone was 10% for 30-minute BW/FDR intervals and 2% for 15-minute BW/FDR intervals.

Keywords: operational parameters; optimization; ultrafiltration

Document Type: Research Article


Publication date: August 1, 2007

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  • Water Environment Research® (WER®) publishes peer-reviewed research papers, research notes, state-of-the-art and critical reviews on original, fundamental and applied research in all scientific and technical areas related to water quality, pollution control, and management. An annual Literature Review provides a review of published books and articles on water quality topics from the previous year.

    Published as: Sewage Works Journal, 1928 - 1949; Sewage and Industrial Wastes, 1950 - 1959; Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, 1959 - Oct 1989; Research Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, Nov 1989 - 1991; Water Environment Research, 1992 - present.
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